Occupational Projections 2018-2028
Northern Vermont Balance of State
occupations with  30+ employment in 2018
n/a - Wage data not available
1 - Occupational Employment and Wages, www.vtlmi.info/occupation.cfm#oes.  Median wage is an hourly rate except for occupations normally paid an annual rate, as noted.  +  Wage is equal to or greater than $100.00 per hour or $208,000 per year.
Source:  Vermont Department of Labor, Economic and Labor Market Information, Employment Projections and Occupational Employment and Wages Programs, in cooperation with the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics     released: Projections: June 2021, Wage: April 2021
         Employment     Annual Job Openings Median Wage1
2020

(hourly except as noted)
Typical education
needed for entry
Work
experience
in a related
occupation
Typical on-the-job training
needed to attain competency
in the occupation
2010 SOC Code Job Title 2018 2028 Annual Growth Rate (compound average) Exits
[a]
Transfers
[b]
Change
[c]
Total
[a+b+c]
00-0000 Total, All Occupations 87,905 89,491 0.2% 3,958 6,161 159 10,278 $20.80      
11-0000 Management Occupations                      
11-1011 Chief Executives 392 367 -0.7% 10 17 -2 25 $63.03 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-1021 General and Operations Managers 919 944 0.3% 20 61 2 83 $35.59 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-2021 Marketing Managers 96 106 1.0% 2 7 1 10 $47.94 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-2022 Sales Managers 132 135 0.2% 3 9 0 12 $45.98 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
11-2031 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers 46 47 0.2% 1 3 0 4 $39.60 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers 289 302 0.4% 8 16 1 25 $35.50 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers 150 156 0.4% 3 9 1 13 $53.30 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-3031 Financial Managers 327 357 0.9% 7 19 3 29 $48.23 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers 62 69 1.1% 1 3 1 5 $44.21 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers 35 37 0.6% 1 2 0 3 $36.68 High school diploma or equivalent 5 years or more None
11-3121 Human Resources Managers 71 72 0.1% 2 4 0 6 $47.11 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-9013 Farmers, Ranchers, and Other Agricultural Managers 2,187 2,263 0.3% 138 83 8 229 n/a High school diploma or equivalent 5 years or more None
11-9021 Construction Managers 258 267 0.3% 6 13 1 20 $39.08 Bachelor's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Childcare Center/Program 108 109 0.1% 3 6 0 9 $24.28 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School 242 237 -0.2% 6 12 0 18 $96,760/yr Master's degree 5 years or more None
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary 167 168 0.1% 4 9 0 13 $39.70 Master's degree Less than 5 years None
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other 76 79 0.4% 2 4 0 6 $31.53 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers 53 53 0.0% 1 3 0 4 $61.24 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-9051 Food Service Managers 339 353 0.4% 10 29 1 40 $29.46 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
11-9081 Lodging Managers 88 84 -0.5% 3 6 0 9 $25.04 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers 268 296 1.0% 7 15 3 25 $46.48 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers 50 51 0.2% 1 3 0 4 $43.75 Bachelor's degree 5 years or more None
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers 218 224 0.3% 8 9 1 18 $27.42 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers 286 304 0.6% 9 17 2 28 $31.51 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
11-9199 Managers, All Other 564 575 0.2% 14 29 1 44 $50.81 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations                      
13-1020 Buyers and Purchasing Agents 220 196 -1.1% 7 15 -2 20 $27.42 Bachelor's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators 165 154 -0.7% 4 10 -1 13 $34.13 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
13-1041 Compliance Officers 482 513 0.6% 14 30 3 47 $36.88 Bachelor's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
13-1051 Cost Estimators 98 101 0.3% 2 7 0 9 $32.91 Bachelor's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
13-1071 Human Resources Specialists 344 355 0.3% 9 26 1 36 $28.90 Bachelor's degree None None
13-1075 Labor Relations Specialists 58 50 -1.5% 1 4 -1 4 $33.78 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
13-1111 Management Analysts 252 279 1.0% 8 17 3 28 n/a Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
13-1121 Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners 117 120 0.3% 4 10 0 14 $21.86 Bachelor's degree None None
13-1131 Fundraisers 105 111 0.6% 4 8 1 13 n/a Bachelor's degree None None
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists 49 51 0.4% 2 3 0 5 $28.36 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists 143 145 0.1% 4 11 0 15 $31.32 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists 297 355 1.8% 8 26 6 40 $25.87 Bachelor's degree None None
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other 228 237 0.4% 6 16 1 23 $32.82 Bachelor's degree None None
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors 951 982 0.3% 27 63 3 93 $32.18 Bachelor's degree None None
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate 50 51 0.2% 2 2 0 4 $23.27 Bachelor's degree None Long-term on-the-job training
13-2041 Credit Analysts 33 35 0.6% 1 2 0 3 $24.73 Bachelor's degree None None
13-2051 Financial Analysts 73 75 0.3% 1 5 0 6 $34.71 Bachelor's degree None None
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters 156 145 -0.7% 4 9 -1 12 $31.79 Bachelor's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
13-2072 Loan Officers 128 132 0.3% 3 8 0 11 $28.14 Bachelor's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
13-2081 Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents 85 84 -0.1% 3 4 0 7 $26.37 Bachelor's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other 34 36 0.6% 1 2 0 3 $34.71 Bachelor's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations                      
15-1121 Computer Systems Analysts 124 128 0.3% 2 7 0 9 $39.47 Bachelor's degree None None
15-1122 Information Security Analysts 42 52 2.2% 1 3 1 5 $41.12 Bachelor's degree Less than 5 years None
15-1131 Computer Programmers 64 54 -1.7% 1 3 -1 3 $42.99 Bachelor's degree None None
15-1132 Software Developers, Applications 237 284 1.8% 4 15 5 24 $46.85 Bachelor's degree None None
15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software 89 106 1.8% 1 6 2 9 $46.85 Bachelor's degree None None
15-1134 Web Developers 110 121 1.0% 2 7 1 10 $24.88 Associate's degree None None
15-1141 Database Administrators 31 31 0.0% 1 2 0 3 $37.31 Bachelor's degree None None
15-1142 Network and Computer Systems Administrators 267 266 0.0% 4 14 0 18 $35.14 Bachelor's degree None None
15-1151 Computer User Support Specialists 222 238 0.7% 4 15 2 21 n/a Some college, no degree None None
15-1152 Computer Network Support Specialists 90 95 0.5% 2 6 0 8 $24.50 Associate's degree None None
15-1199 Computer Occupations, All Other 73 77 0.5% 1 4 0 5 $33.41 Bachelor's degree None None
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations                      
17-1021 Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 32 31 -0.3% 1 2 0 3 $34.89 Bachelor's degree None None
17-1022 Surveyors 55 57 0.4% 1 3 0 4 $28.06 Bachelor's degree None Internship/residency
17-2051 Civil Engineers 273 275 0.1% 6 16 0 22 $36.50 Bachelor's degree None None
17-2071 Electrical Engineers 85 94 1.0% 2 4 1 7 $51.67 Bachelor's degree None None
17-2081 Environmental Engineers 53 55 0.4% 2 3 0 5 $38.92 Bachelor's degree None None
17-2112 Industrial Engineers 69 70 0.1% 1 3 0 4 n/a Bachelor's degree None None
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians 97 97 0.0% 3 6 0 9 $25.18 Associate's degree None None
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations                      
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists 47 50 0.6% 1 4 0 5 $34.38 Bachelor's degree None None
19-1023 Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists 44 48 0.9% 1 4 0 5 $33.62 Bachelor's degree None None
19-1031 Conservation Scientists 55 57 0.4% 1 5 0 6 $30.06 Bachelor's degree None None
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health 231 239 0.3% 4 21 1 26 $29.98 Bachelor's degree None None
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists 205 223 0.8% 5 10 2 17 $31.15 Doctoral or professional degree None Internship/residency
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners 37 39 0.5% 1 3 0 4 $31.80 Master's degree None None
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians 38 38 0.0% 1 4 0 5 $21.06 Associate's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations                      
21-1012 Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors 241 247 0.2% 8 17 1 26 $26.00 Master's degree None None
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors 144 153 0.6% 5 10 1 16 $18.93 Master's degree None None
21-1018 Substance Abuse, Behavioral Disorder, and Mental Health Counselors 473 557 1.6% 17 36 8 61 $18.84 Bachelor's degree None None
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers 315 328 0.4% 10 22 1 33 $26.21 Bachelor's degree None None
21-1022 Healthcare Social Workers 68 77 1.3% 2 5 1 8 $27.00 Master's degree None Internship/residency
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers 441 496 1.2% 14 32 6 52 $21.58 Master's degree None Internship/residency
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants 1,002 1,112 1.0% 42 83 11 136 $16.79 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
21-1094 Community Health Workers 122 130 0.6% 5 10 1 16 $17.00 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
23-0000 Legal Occupations                      
23-1011 Lawyers 459 471 0.3% 10 12 1 23 $41.06 Doctoral or professional degree None None
23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers 32 32 0.0% 1 1 0 2 $32.85 Doctoral or professional degree 5 years or more Short-term on-the-job training
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants 149 162 0.8% 5 11 1 17 $24.54 Associate's degree None None
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations                      
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education 176 179 0.2% 7 11 0 18 $17.80 Associate's degree None None
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education 88 85 -0.3% 3 5 0 8 $55,900/yr Bachelor's degree None None
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education 1,399 1,356 -0.3% 43 59 -4 98 $60,310/yr Bachelor's degree None None
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education 414 401 -0.3% 13 17 -1 29 $60,690/yr Bachelor's degree None None
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education 633 616 -0.3% 17 26 -2 41 $63,080/yr Bachelor's degree None None
25-2052 Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School 194 187 -0.4% 6 8 -1 13 $59,370/yr Bachelor's degree None None
25-2053 Special Education Teachers, Middle School 78 75 -0.4% 2 3 0 5 $62,620/yr Bachelor's degree None None
25-2054 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School 82 80 -0.2% 3 3 0 6 $64,930/yr Bachelor's degree None None
25-3011 Adult Basic and Secondary Education and Literacy Teachers and Instructors 81 72 -1.2% 4 4 -1 7 $24.29 Bachelor's degree None None
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers 347 375 0.8% 21 20 3 44 $22.09 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
25-3097 Teachers and Instructors, All Other, Except Substitute Teachers 188 196 0.4% 11 11 1 23 $45,730/yr Bachelor's degree None None
25-3098 Substitute Teachers 939 914 -0.3% 54 52 -2 104 $13.96 High school diploma or equivalent None None
25-4021 Librarians 138 139 0.1% 7 6 0 13 $23.69 Master's degree None None
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators 140 141 0.1% 6 7 0 13 $29.00 Master's degree 5 years or more None
25-9041 Teacher Assistants 1,316 1,284 -0.2% 69 68 -3 134 $33,150/yr Some college, no degree None None
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations                      
27-1023 Floral Designers 73 64 -1.3% 2 5 -1 6 $16.19 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
27-1024 Graphic Designers 182 183 0.1% 6 12 0 18 $22.00 Bachelor's degree None None
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers 61 60 -0.2% 2 4 0 6 $14.81 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts 293 304 0.4% 17 27 1 45 $38,300/yr Bachelor's degree None None
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers 66 57 -1.5% 2 5 -1 6 $14.60 Bachelor's degree None None
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents 36 33 -0.9% 1 3 0 4 n/a Bachelor's degree None None
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists 307 321 0.4% 9 23 1 33 $24.28 Bachelor's degree None None
27-4021 Photographers 91 86 -0.6% 3 5 0 8 $20.97 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture 38 41 0.8% 1 3 0 4 $17.23 Bachelor's degree None None
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations                      
29-1021 Dentists, General 58 53 -0.9% 1 0 0 1 $100.00+ Doctoral or professional degree None None
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists 43 46 0.7% 1 1 0 2 $29.76 Bachelor's degree None Internship/residency
29-1051 Pharmacists 96 90 -0.6% 2 2 -1 3 $65.68 Doctoral or professional degree None None
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners 126 121 -0.4% 2 2 0 4 $94.35 Doctoral or professional degree None Internship/residency
29-1071 Physician Assistants 32 37 1.5% 0 1 0 1 $58.18 Master's degree None None
29-1122 Occupational Therapists 46 49 0.6% 1 2 0 3 $36.22 Master's degree None None
29-1123 Physical Therapists 215 242 1.2% 4 5 3 12 $37.41 Doctoral or professional degree None None
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists 41 48 1.6% 1 1 1 3 $30.59 Associate's degree None None
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists 68 75 1.0% 1 2 1 4 $35.99 Master's degree None Internship/residency
29-1131 Veterinarians 70 82 1.6% 1 2 1 4 $47.99 Doctoral or professional degree None None
29-1141 Registered Nurses 1,372 1,478 0.7% 40 37 11 88 $33.50 Bachelor's degree None None
29-1171 Nurse Practitioners 114 134 1.6% 2 4 2 8 $50.93 Master's degree None None
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other 64 70 0.9% 2 1 1 4 $36.31 Master's degree None None
29-2010 Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians 77 78 0.1% 2 3 0 5 $27.59 Bachelor's degree None None
29-2021 Dental Hygienists 168 162 -0.4% 7 4 -1 10 $34.45 Associate's degree None None
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists 77 78 0.1% 2 2 0 4 $30.72 Associate's degree None None
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians 122 128 0.5% 4 6 1 11 $17.18 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians 57 70 2.1% 2 3 1 6 $16.87 Associate's degree None None
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses 236 241 0.2% 8 10 0 18 $24.49 Postsecondary non-degree award None None
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 60 62 0.3% 2 2 0 4 $20.71 Postsecondary non-degree award None None
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists 53 55 0.4% 1 2 0 3 $31.92 Bachelor's degree None None
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations                      
31-1011 Home Health Aides 223 277 2.2% 13 15 5 33 $14.87 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
31-1014 Nursing Assistants 611 662 0.8% 34 37 5 76 $15.62 Postsecondary non-degree award None None
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants 54 63 1.6% 2 5 1 8 $29.18 Associate's degree None None
31-9011 Massage Therapists 354 360 0.2% 22 19 1 42 $18.62 Postsecondary non-degree award None None
31-9091 Dental Assistants 112 108 -0.4% 5 7 0 12 $22.06 Postsecondary non-degree award None None
31-9092 Medical Assistants 129 142 1.0% 5 10 1 16 $17.81 Postsecondary non-degree award None None
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides 52 39 -2.8% 2 4 -1 5 $12.08 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
31-9097 Phlebotomists 45 47 0.4% 2 3 0 5 $16.51 Postsecondary non-degree award None None
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations                      
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives 46 47 0.2% 1 2 0 3 $44.92 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years Moderate-term on-the-job training
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers 176 157 -1.1% 6 8 -2 12 $22.83 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators 104 111 0.7% 2 5 1 8 $43.38 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years Moderate-term on-the-job training
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers 434 434 0.0% 10 20 0 30 $27.12 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
33-9032 Security Guards 101 96 -0.5% 5 8 0 13 $15.26 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers 99 101 0.2% 13 11 0 24 $12.43 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other 95 95 0.0% 12 10 0 22 $16.94 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations                      
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks 286 298 0.4% 9 29 1 39 $20.12 High school diploma or equivalent 5 years or more None
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers 395 408 0.3% 18 44 1 63 $19.39 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria 340 351 0.3% 18 30 1 49 $16.30 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant 603 688 1.3% 34 57 8 99 $15.90 No formal educational credential Less than 5 years Moderate-term on-the-job training
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order 150 139 -0.8% 8 13 -1 20 $14.13 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers 218 231 0.6% 16 22 1 39 $13.24 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-3011 Bartenders 547 544 -0.1% 26 70 0 96 $16.67 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food 1,589 1,683 0.6% 130 161 9 300 $13.18 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop 346 342 -0.1% 39 36 0 75 $13.18 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses 1,920 1,940 0.1% 134 236 2 372 $14.31 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant 142 146 0.3% 11 12 0 23 $13.18 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers 178 185 0.4% 15 16 1 32 $12.93 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-9021 Dishwashers 392 386 -0.2% 29 33 -1 61 $13.30 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop 166 171 0.3% 19 20 0 39 $12.25 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations                      
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers 250 259 0.4% 11 18 1 30 $21.84 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers 229 237 0.3% 8 17 1 26 $25.37 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 1,469 1,514 0.3% 91 105 4 200 $15.30 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners 852 850 0.0% 60 54 0 114 $13.45 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers 812 855 0.5% 34 74 4 112 $16.79 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations                      
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers 194 201 0.4% 8 11 1 20 $22.19 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers 143 155 0.8% 10 14 1 25 $13.64 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
39-3091 Amusement and Recreation Attendants 176 180 0.2% 19 22 0 41 $12.77 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists 141 142 0.1% 9 9 0 18 $13.19 Postsecondary non-degree award None None
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops 37 38 0.3% 2 3 0 5 $12.03 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
39-9011 Childcare Workers 417 417 0.0% 31 31 0 62 $14.80 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
39-9021 Personal Care Aides 1,885 2,479 2.8% 161 143 59 363 $14.87 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors 257 280 0.9% 16 29 2 47 $22.88 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
39-9032 Recreation Workers 167 180 0.8% 10 18 1 29 $14.13 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
39-9041 Residential Advisors 70 76 0.8% 4 7 1 12 $18.24 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other 64 68 0.6% 4 6 0 10 $16.79 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations                      
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers 1,183 1,115 -0.6% 40 87 -7 120 $21.22 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers 252 235 -0.7% 8 15 -2 21 $36.14 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
41-2011 Cashiers 2,435 2,251 -0.8% 209 233 -18 424 $12.48 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks 125 131 0.5% 6 10 1 17 $17.39 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
41-2022 Parts Salespersons 141 138 -0.2% 6 11 0 17 $16.71 No formal educational credential None Moderate-term on-the-job training
41-2031 Retail Salespersons 1,984 1,953 -0.2% 113 174 -3 284 $14.29 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents 46 44 -0.4% 1 5 0 6 $23.03 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents 413 444 0.7% 16 26 3 45 n/a High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents 175 180 0.3% 5 12 0 17 $29.15 Bachelor's degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other 143 144 0.1% 4 14 0 18 $31.28 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products 466 453 -0.3% 14 34 -1 47 $28.65 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations                      
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers 635 611 -0.4% 23 42 -2 63 $28.37 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors 124 115 -0.8% 5 10 -1 14 $20.90 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks 195 206 0.6% 8 14 1 23 $19.26 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 1,436 1,353 -0.6% 85 78 -8 155 $21.18 Some college, no degree None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks 74 68 -0.8% 3 4 -1 6 $22.18 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-3071 Tellers 307 253 -1.9% 14 20 -5 29 $16.05 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks 310 316 0.2% 14 15 1 30 $20.88 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives 784 762 -0.3% 37 66 -2 101 $18.06 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs 65 65 0.0% 2 4 0 6 $26.43 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks 181 166 -0.9% 10 20 -2 28 $14.24 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan 74 73 -0.1% 4 5 0 9 $19.40 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical 51 47 -0.8% 4 4 0 8 $14.72 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks 64 67 0.5% 2 4 0 6 $20.88 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks 35 31 -1.2% 1 2 0 3 $18.55 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-4151 Order Clerks 143 132 -0.8% 6 10 -1 15 $17.36 Some college, no degree None Short-term on-the-job training
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks 513 501 -0.2% 30 39 -1 68 $15.65 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-4181 Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 47 47 0.0% 2 3 0 5 $15.12 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 104 101 -0.3% 4 6 0 10 $21.85 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks 137 128 -0.7% 6 5 -1 10 $23.68 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers 219 204 -0.7% 8 8 -2 14 $22.97 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks 78 83 0.6% 3 6 0 9 $21.43 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks 275 274 0.0% 9 18 0 27 $17.31 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers 819 809 -0.1% 41 67 -1 107 $14.20 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping 31 32 0.3% 1 2 0 3 $17.50 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants 506 395 -2.4% 23 27 -11 39 $26.29 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
43-6013 Medical Secretaries 357 376 0.5% 19 22 2 43 $18.41 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive 1,470 1,305 -1.2% 71 84 -16 139 $19.18 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers 50 37 -3.0% 2 3 -1 4 $16.45 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 274 278 0.1% 10 17 0 27 $21.70 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
43-9061 Office Clerks, General 351 328 -0.7% 19 22 -2 39 $18.64 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations                      
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse 345 404 1.6% 15 46 6 67 $16.90 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, and Aquacultural Animals 493 440 -1.1% 18 58 -5 71 n/a No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations                      
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers 452 471 0.4% 14 34 2 50 $30.60 High school diploma or equivalent 5 years or more None
47-2031 Carpenters 1,261 1,280 0.1% 40 92 2 134 $22.85 High school diploma or equivalent None Apprenticeship
47-2061 Construction Laborers 1,121 1,164 0.4% 38 89 4 131 $17.83 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators 251 255 0.2% 9 21 0 30 $21.61 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
47-2111 Electricians 322 334 0.4% 10 28 1 39 $23.89 High school diploma or equivalent None Apprenticeship
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance 371 376 0.1% 13 25 0 38 $20.35 No formal educational credential None Moderate-term on-the-job training
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters 143 150 0.5% 4 12 1 17 $25.92 High school diploma or equivalent None Apprenticeship
47-2181 Roofers 145 154 0.6% 4 12 1 17 $18.86 No formal educational credential None Moderate-term on-the-job training
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers 50 53 0.6% 1 5 0 6 $23.01 High school diploma or equivalent None Apprenticeship
47-3011 Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons, and Tile and Marble Setters 34 36 0.6% 1 4 0 5 $17.94 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors 55 58 0.5% 3 4 0 7 $31.81 High school diploma or equivalent 5 years or more Moderate-term on-the-job training
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers 271 273 0.1% 11 19 0 30 $21.03 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations                      
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers 242 249 0.3% 8 15 1 24 $31.34 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers 89 93 0.4% 3 6 0 9 $21.45 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics 566 554 -0.2% 15 39 -1 53 $19.94 Postsecondary non-degree award None Short-term on-the-job training
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists 224 226 0.1% 6 15 0 21 $22.58 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines 88 85 -0.3% 3 6 0 9 $23.36 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics 91 94 0.3% 4 6 0 10 $18.73 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers 241 232 -0.4% 6 17 -1 22 $26.43 Postsecondary non-degree award None Long-term on-the-job training
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics 71 79 1.1% 2 4 1 7 $26.17 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
49-9044 Millwrights 45 44 -0.2% 1 3 0 4 $22.87 High school diploma or equivalent None Apprenticeship
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers 46 46 0.0% 1 3 0 4 $43.33 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General 556 578 0.4% 20 35 2 57 $20.19 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other 151 154 0.2% 6 10 0 16 $23.42 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-0000 Production Occupations                      
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers 348 357 0.3% 11 25 1 37 $28.54 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
51-2028 Electrical, Electronic, and Electromechanical Assemblers, Except Coil Winders, Tapers, and Finishers 48 47 -0.2% 2 3 0 5 $18.65 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-2098 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other, Including Team Assemblers 360 313 -1.4% 14 25 -5 34 $15.46 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-3011 Bakers 209 216 0.3% 12 17 1 30 $16.81 No formal educational credential None Long-term on-the-job training
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers 46 49 0.6% 2 4 0 6 $17.45 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
51-3091 Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders 64 65 0.2% 4 5 0 9 $17.33 No formal educational credential None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-3092 Food Batchmakers 264 263 0.0% 16 23 0 39 $19.08 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-3099 Food Processing Workers, All Other 66 65 -0.2% 2 4 0 6 $16.63 No formal educational credential None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic 89 82 -0.8% 2 6 -1 7 $22.96 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 46 41 -1.1% 2 3 0 5 $16.58 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-4035 Milling and Planing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 37 30 -2.1% 1 2 -1 2 $20.09 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-4041 Machinists 91 96 0.5% 3 6 0 9 $21.81 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 53 56 0.6% 2 4 0 6 $15.43 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 109 115 0.5% 3 9 1 13 $21.41 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-5112 Printing Press Operators 72 71 -0.1% 3 5 0 8 $17.75 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers 94 93 -0.1% 6 7 0 13 $12.16 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
51-6031 Sewing Machine Operators 192 192 0.0% 11 10 0 21 $14.21 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
51-6064 Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 33 34 0.3% 1 2 0 3 $17.10 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters 124 117 -0.6% 5 7 -1 11 $22.25 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Wood 64 55 -1.5% 2 5 -1 6 $18.00 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing 161 145 -1.0% 8 13 -2 19 $15.45 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-8031 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators 110 104 -0.6% 3 6 -1 8 $23.61 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 35 46 2.8% 1 4 1 6 $21.47 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-9021 Crushing, Grinding, and Polishing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 71 66 -0.7% 2 6 0 8 $22.38 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 76 77 0.1% 2 7 0 9 $17.44 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-9032 Cutting and Slicing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 51 49 -0.4% 2 4 0 6 $15.38 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers 177 149 -1.7% 6 14 -3 17 $20.10 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders 193 200 0.4% 9 14 1 24 $15.05 High school diploma or equivalent None Moderate-term on-the-job training
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 110 117 0.6% 4 8 1 13 $19.85 High school diploma or equivalent None Long-term on-the-job training
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers 43 42 -0.2% 2 4 0 6 $15.47 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations                      
53-1048 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material Moving Workers, Except Aircraft Cargo Handling 126 129 0.2% 4 10 0 14 $24.42 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years None
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School or Special Client 430 444 0.3% 34 21 1 56 $17.93 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers 200 198 -0.1% 8 14 0 22 $16.35 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers 1,096 1,065 -0.3% 44 78 -3 119 $22.66 Postsecondary non-degree award None Short-term on-the-job training
53-3033 Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers 551 548 -0.1% 23 40 0 63 $17.61 High school diploma or equivalent None Short-term on-the-job training
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs 247 299 1.9% 15 15 5 35 n/a No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators 32 32 0.0% 1 3 0 4 $27.22 High school diploma or equivalent Less than 5 years Moderate-term on-the-job training
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators 136 136 0.0% 4 11 0 15 $18.74 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment 233 239 0.3% 12 23 1 36 $13.90 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand 613 643 0.5% 28 59 3 90 $16.00 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand 92 93 0.1% 6 8 0 14 $14.46 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors 97 104 0.7% 6 8 1 15 $18.26 No formal educational credential None Short-term on-the-job training